The development of Information Technology is divided into two periods, namely: the Prehistoric Period and the Modern Period.
a. Prehistoric Time
At this time ancient people sent or obtained information by describing it on cave walls.
In addition to pictures, they also use smoke to communicate. For example, the Indians used smoke to signal warning, danger, or to call for help.
While writing began to be used as a means of communication in 3000 BC. In Indonesia, writing began to be used during the ancient kingdoms as a means of exchanging information.
b. Modern Times
The modern era is a golden age for Information Technology. Currently, there are many sophisticated tools and systems to make it easier for humans to communicate and manage information.
There are four well-known examples of Information and Communication Technology media, namely: Newspapers, Telephones, Televisions, and Computers.
4. The Role and Benefits of Information Technology
Currently, Information Technology plays an important role in everyday life. Broadly speaking, Information Technology has the benefit of helping and making it easier for humans to do everything.
The benefits of Information Technology have been applied in various fields. Among them are as follows:
a. Field of education
Examples of the use of Information Technology in the field of education include:
The National Examination, which used to be paper-based, has now been replaced by a computer. With UNBK (Computer-Based National Examination) will save time and money
Students can study online. There are many online learning media nowadays. For example, Ruangguru.com and Quipper School can make it easier for students to study anytime and anywhere.
b. Government Sector
Examples of the use of Information Technology in the government sector include:
To make a NPWP, the public does not have to come to the office or can be online.
Paying motor vehicle taxes in West Java can be done through e-commerce. So people don’t have to come and queue at the Samsat office.
Of course the two examples above are very effective and efficient for the community.
Examples of the use of Information Technology in the economic field include:
Buying and selling online via marketplace (bukalapak, tokopedia, shopee) or online stores.
There is an Online Ojek
The existence of online payments (gopay, ovo, funds)
d. Health / Medical field
Examples of the use of Information Technology in the health sector include:
To find out a disease we just have to access a halodokter. There, we’ll just have a free consultation with a general practitioner. and will recommend the right medicine for us.
There are still many examples of the use and role of information technology in the fields of education, government, health, and the economy. I’m sure you can provide another example.